Hiking / Biking Check List
*Map. A map not only tells you where you are and how far you have to go,
it can help you find campsites, water, and an emergency exit route in case of an accident.
*Compass. A compass can help you find your way through unfamiliar terrain�especially
in bad weather where you can't see the landmarks.
*Water and a way to purify it. Without enough water, your body's muscles
and organs simply can't perform as well: You'll be susceptible to hypothermia
and altitude sickness. not to mention the abject misery of raging thirst.
*Extra Food. Any number of things could keep you out longer than expected:
a lengthy detour, getting lost, an injury, difficult terrain. A few
ounces of extra food will help keep up energy and morale.
*Rain Gear and extra clothing. Because the weatherman is not always right.
Especially above treeline, bring along extra layers. Two rules: Avoid cotton
(it keeps moisture close to your skin), and always carry a hat.
*Firestarter and matches. The warmth of a fire and a hot drink
can help prevent an encounter with hypothermia. And fires are a
great way to signal for help if you get lost.
*First aid kit. Prepackaged first aid kits for hikers are
available at outfitters. Double your effectiveness with knowledge:
Take a basic first aid class with the American Red Cross or a Wilderness
First Aid class, offered by many hiking organizations.
*Army knife or multi-purpose tool. These enable you to cut
strips of cloth into bandages, remove splinters, fix broken
eyeglasses, and perform a whole host of repairs on malfunctioning
gear�not to mention cut cheese and open cans.
*Flashlight and extra bulbs. For finding your way
in the dark and signaling for help.
*Sun screen and sun glasses. Especially above treeline when
there is a skin-scorching combination of sun and snow, you'll
need sunglasses to prevent snowblindness, and sunscreen to prevent sunburn.
General Hiking Tips
* We generally suggest that you wear hiking boots instead of shoes.
In rugged territory, boots can really help prevent that twisted ankle or knee.
* Break in new boots BEFORE hitting the trail.
* I like to wear two pairs of socks to help prevent blisters.
* Make sure you don't lock your keys in your vehicle.
* Carry along plenty of water. Up to three quarts per person in hot weather.
* Do not drink water directly from streams without treatment
or boiling to protect you from Giardia parasites.
* Use water purification tablets or a water filter for additional water needs.
* Be sure to have ample food supplies.
* Check weather reports before traveling into the backcountry.
* Have a detailed map of the area you're visiting.
* Check with the local ranger office for special regulations.
* Let someone know where you're going and when you should be returning.
If You Get Lost
* Stay put to save energy and so you will be easier to find.
* Put on additional clothing to stay warm as needed.
* Lighting a fire can cheer your spirits, keep you warm, and help rescuers locate you.
* Pile grass, limbs, and brush around you to protect from the wind.
* Sit on your pack to insulate you from the dampness or cold of the ground.
* Remember to relax. Many people have survived several nights with only the items they had on them.
* If a member of your party is overdue, notify the local sheriff's office, or ranger office.
* In case of injury, stop immediately and treat it accordingly.
* If you must leave a person behind, leave them shelter, food, and a
note describing their injury and where you have gone.
to Pack Your Backpack
to Care for Your Backpack
care tips from GORP.
Tents and Tight Tarps
Warm in a Sleeping Bag
a Wet Sleeper
Long Life for your Stove from
you could bring with you from GORP.
Day Hiking Tips
Fall Hiking Tips
Hiking Tips 101
Backpacking and Hiking Guide
Winter Survival Tips
Hiking Safety and Tips
Tips For Making Hiking More Enjoyable